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What are the common causes of lower abdominal pain?

 ?What are the common causes of lower abdominal pain



It is often associated with a digestive problem such as an upset stomach, but not always - so you shouldn't ignore new or unexpected pain.

The lower abdomen is home to many important organs, including the bladder, uterus, and ovaries, so any severe or prolonged pain should be checked out by a doctor.

But if you know the cause of the pain, you can take appropriate action.

Here are the common causes of lower abdominal pain.

The causes are in both men and women

The causes are in both men and women

The small intestine, large intestine, and rectum are in the lower abdomen. Any condition that affects these organs can cause pain in the area. This includes:

Constipation

food intolerance
Inflammation of the stomach and intestines
diverticulitis(a condition affecting the large intestine)
irritable bowel syndrome(irritable bowel syndrome)
inflammatory bowel disease(IBD)
peritonitis(when the inner lining of the abdomen is inflamed)
Bowel obstruction (blockage in the small or large intestine)
kidney stones
akidney infection
Bowel cancer
Constipation
Constipation is a common condition that can cause excruciating pain and cramping in the lower abdomen.

It can result from a low-fiber diet with lots of processed foods, an inactive lifestyle (no enough exercise) or not drinking enough water.


Sometimes, constipation can be a sign of a serious medical condition such as bowel cancer.

If you have constipation, you can usually treat it at home by going for a daily walk, drinking plenty of fluids, and eating high-fiber foods such as brown rice, lentils, beans or wholemeal bread.

Fiber is not digested, but it helps move food through your intestines. It can also help lower or control cholesterol.

If symptoms persist, your pharmacist or doctor will be able to help you.

Inflammation of the stomach and intestines

Inflammation of the stomach and intestines(sometimes called stomach flu) is another common cause of pain in the lower abdomen.
It is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection (a bug in the stomach) that irritates and inflames the lining of the stomach and intestines, causing pain.
In addition to abdominal pain, it can also cause diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, loss of appetite, mild fever, and pain in the extremities.

There is no specific treatment for gastroenteritis, but you can relieve symptoms by getting some rest and drinking plenty of water (or fruit juice) to avoid dehydration.

For abdominal pain, you can take daily painkillers such as paracetamol.

Symptoms usually clear up within a week.

hernia


Pain in the lower abdomen may also be caused by an abdominal hernia.

This is a bulge or bulge in or around your abdomen. They develop when part of your intestine pushes through the layer of muscle covering your abdomen, sometimes causing dull, excruciating pain in the abdomen or groin.

Hernias do not always need treatment, but they can cause serious complications.

If you think you have a hernia, see a doctor.

Causes of lower abdominal pain in women

It's normal to feel a small amount of abdominal pain during your period, but sudden and unexpected pain in your lower abdomen could be due to a more serious condition.
Possible causes include:

aUrinary tract infection(Urinary tract infection)
aovarian cyst
pelvic inflammatory disease(PID) - a common condition that occurs when infectious bacteria affect the reproductive organs
In rare cases, lower abdominal pain can be a symptom

Endometrial or a pelvic abscess, where pus accumulates in the space between the uterus and vagina.

Note:  In women of childbearing age, lower abdominal pain can be a symptom of rheumatoid arthritis

ectopic pregnancyA life-threatening condition with serious complications.
If you experience severe or unexpected abdominal pain, see a doctor.

Causes of lower abdominal pain in men

In men, lower abdominal pain can be a symptom of a urinary tract infection or a twisted testicle (testicular torsion).

Testicular torsion occurs when the testicle turns inside the scrotum. It usually causes sudden, severe pain in the testicles and abdomen, and the testicles may swell.

If you are experiencing this type of pain, seek emergency medical treatment.

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