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Symptoms and causes of heart disease


 

general definition

Heart disease is a group of diseases that affect the heart. Heart diseases include:

* Problems with blood vessels such as coronary artery

* Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmia)

* Some heart defects that a person is born with (congenital heart defects)

* Heart valve diseas

* Cardiomyopathy

* Heart infection

You can avoid heart problems by Follow a healthy diet.

Heart disease symptoms

Symptoms of heart disease vary depending on the type of injury you have.

Symptoms of heart disease in the blood vessels


A build-up of fatty deposits in the arteries or atherosclerosis can damage the blood vessels and heart. Plaque buildup can narrow or block blood vessels, which can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke.

Coronary artery disease symptoms can vary in men and women. Men are more likely to experience chest pain. In addition to chest tightness, women are more likely to have other signs and symptoms, such as shortness of breath, nausea and extreme tiredness.

Signs and symptoms may include


* chest pain, tightness in the chest, pressure in the chest, and tightness in the chest (angina)

* shortness of breath

Pain, numbness, weakness, or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in these parts of the body are narrow

* Pain in the upper part of the stomach, throat, jaw, or neck

You may not be diagnosed with coronary artery disease until you have had angina or a stroke Stroke, heart attack, or heart muscle problems. That's why it's important to watch for symptoms of cardiovascular disease and discuss the problem with your doctor. Monitoring your health condition with the doctor periodically enables you to know any problems that arise in your heart or blood vessels early.

Cardiomyopathy symptoms are caused by an irregular heartbeat. The heartbeat 

may be irregular, too slow, or too fast. Symptoms of arrhythmia are:

* Chest palpitations * Rapid

heartbeat (palpitations

Slow heartbeat (bradycardia)


* Pain and soreness in the chest position

* Shortness of breath

* Vertigo

* Dizziness

* Fainting (loss of consciousness), or grogginess and imbalance.

Symptoms of heart disease caused by heart defects


The serious heart defect you were born with (congenital heart defect) is usually noticed soon after birth. Symptoms of heart problems in children may include:

* The skin turns gray or blue (cyanosis)

* Swelling in the legs, abdomen, or areas around the eyes

* For infants, shortness of breath during feedings resulting in an abnormal weight of the baby

is usually not diagnosed Congenital heart defects are less serious until later in childhood or in adulthood. Symptoms of congenital heart defects that do not cause immediate death are:

* Shortness of breath during exercise or activity

* Tired easily during exercise or activities

* Swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet

Symptoms of heart problems due to cardiomyopathy

No symptoms appear in the early stages of the disease. As the disease progresses, the following symptoms appear:

* Shortness of breath during activity or rest

* Swelling of the legs, ankles, and feet


* Fatigue

* Irregular heartbeat, which gives the feeling of a fast heartbeat, palpitations or tremors


* Feeling lightheaded, dizzy and faint

Symptoms of heart problems due to heart valve disease

The heart has four valves — the aortic , mitral, pulmonary, and tricuspid valves — which open and close to direct blood in and out of the heart. Valves can be damaged for several reasons; This can cause them to narrow or leak (regurgitation or under-flow) or not close properly (prolapse).

Depending on which valve isn't working properly, symptoms of valvular heart disease often include:

* Fatigue

* Shortness of breath

* Irregular heartbeat

* Swelling of the feet or ankles

* Chest pain

* Loss of consciousness (fainting)


* Chest pain

* Shortness of breath

* fainting


Heart disease is easier to treat if caught early, so talk to your doctor about your concerns about your heart health. If you're concerned about heart disease, talk to your doctor about steps you can take to reduce your risk of heart disease. This is very important if you have a family history of heart disease.

If you think you might have heart disease because you're developing new signs and symptoms, make an appointment to see your doctor.

Heart disease causes

The cause of heart disease depends on the type of heart disease you have. There are many different types of heart disease. To understand the causes of heart disease, it is helpful to understand how the heart itself works.


?How does the heart work

Left and right atrium, left and right ventricle


Your heart is like a running pump. It is a fist-sized muscular organ located on the left side of the middle of the chest. The heart is divided into the right and left sides.



The right side of the heart also contains the right atrium and right ventricle. It collects blood and pumps it to the lungs via the pulmonary artery.



The lungs supply the blood with a new amount of oxygen. Exhaled from the lungs carries carbon dioxide, an element that exceeds what the body needs.


The oxygenated blood then enters the left side of the heart, which consists of the left atrium and left ventricle.


The left side of the heart pumps blood through the largest artery in the body (the aorta), providing oxygen and nutrients to tissues throughout the body.

heart valves


There are four valves inside the heart that simply open a path when you need it, allowing blood to flow in the right direction. For valves to function properly, they must be free from birth defects and be able to open and close tightly so as not to leak. The four valves are:

* Tricuspid valve



* Mitral valve



* Pulmonary valve



* Aortic valve



 Heartbeat


The beating heart contracts and relaxes continuously.



During systole, the ventricles contract to push blood through the blood vessels to the lungs and body.



During diastole, the ventricle fills with blood from the two upper chambers (the right atrium and the left atrium).



electrical system



The heart's electrical conduction keeps the heartbeat going. The heartbeat controls the continuous exchange of oxygen-rich blood with oxygen-poor blood. This exchange keeps you alive.


The electrical signal begins high in the upper right chamber (right atrium) and travels through a dedicated pathway to the ventricle, where it sends a pumping signal to the heart.



This system keeps your heart in a coordinated and normal rhythm and keeps blood flowing.

Causes of coronary artery disease

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis opens a pop-up dialog


The most common cause of coronary artery disease is the buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries (atherosclerosis). Unhealthy lifestyle habits such as poor diet, lack of exercise, being overweight and smoking can contribute to atherosclerosis.

Heart arrhythmia


Common causes of arrhythmias or conditions that can cause arrhythmias include:


* coronary artery disease


* diabetes


* drug abuse


* excessive alcohol or caffeine intake


Certain heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects)


* High blood pressure

Smoking


some over-the-counter and prescription drugs, nutritional supplements, and herbal remedies

Stress

Valvular heart disease

A healthy person with a normal heart and good health is unlikely to develop a fatal heart rhythm disorder without an external trigger, such as Electric shock or drug abuse. However, if the heart is diseased or misshapen, electrical signals may not start or pass through the heart properly, increasing the risk of developing an arrhythmia.

Causes of congenital heart defects

Congenital heart defects usually occur in the womb of the baby. About a month into pregnancy, a heart defect can develop as the heart grows, changing blood flow to the heart. Certain medical conditions, medications, and genes may play a role in the development of heart defects.

Heart defects can also develop in adults. As you age, the structure of your heart changes, which can lead to heart defects.

Causes of cardiomyopathy

The cause of cardiomyopathy, whether it is enlarged or dilated, may depend on the type:

dilation of the heart muscle; The cause of this most common type of cardiomyopathy is often unknown. This condition usually causes left ventricular dilatation. Dilated cardiomyopathy can be caused by reduced blood flow to the heart (ischemic heart disease) caused by a heart attack, infection or damage following a heart attack. Taking certain toxins or medications, including those used to treat cancer. It can also be passed from a parent to a child.

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; This type is usually passed down (inherited) between family members. It can also develop over time due to high blood pressure or age.


Restrictive cardiomyopathy. You may have this uncommon form of cardiomyopathy for unknown reasons, which makes your heart muscle stiff and less flexible. Or it can be caused by conditions such as connective tissue disease or abnormal protein buildup (amyloidosis).

Causes of heart inflammation

Heart infections such as endocarditis occur when bacteria reach the heart muscle. Common causes of heart disease are:

Bacteria


Viruses



Parasites



Causes of Valvular Heart Disease



There are many things that can cause heart valve disease. You may be born with valve disease, or the valve may be damaged by:

* Rheumatic fever

* Infection (infectious endocarditis)

* Connective tissue disorders

* Omega-6 fatty acids

Prevention of heart disease



Protection against certain problems Heart disease is not possible, such as heart defects. But the same lifestyle changes that can improve heart disease may help prevent it, including:



* Refrain from smoking.



* Control of other health problems such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.



*Exercise at least 30 minutes a day most days of the week.



* Follow a diet low in salt and saturated fat.



* Maintain a healthy weight.



* Reducing and controlling stress.



* Practice good health habits.
general definition
Heart disease is a group of diseases that affect the heart. Heart diseases include:



* Problems with blood vessels such as coronary artery



* Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmia)



* Some heart defects that a person is born with (congenital heart defects)



* Heart valve disease



* Cardiomyopathy



* Heart infection



You can avoid heart problems by Follow a healthy diet.


Heart disease symptoms


Symptoms of heart disease vary depending on the type of injury you have.

Symptoms of heart disease in the blood vessels



A build-up of fatty deposits in the arteries or atherosclerosis can damage the blood vessels and heart. Plaque buildup can narrow or block blood vessels, which can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke.



Coronary artery disease symptoms can vary in men and women. Men are more likely to experience chest pain. In addition to chest tightness, women are more likely to have other signs and symptoms, such as shortness of breath, nausea and extreme tiredness.



Signs and symptoms may include:



* chest pain, tightness in the chest, pressure in the chest, and tightness in the chest (angina)



* shortness of breath



Pain, numbness, weakness, or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in these parts of the body are narrow

* Pain in the upper part of the stomach, throat, jaw, or neck

You may not be diagnosed with coronary artery disease until you have had angina or a stroke Stroke, heart attack, or heart muscle problems. That's why it's important to watch for symptoms of cardiovascular disease and discuss the problem with your doctor. Monitoring your health condition with the doctor periodically enables you to know any problems that arise in your heart or blood vessels early.


Cardiomyopathy symptoms are caused by an irregular heartbeat. The heartbeat 



may be irregular, too slow, or too fast. Symptoms of arrhythmia are:




* Chest palpitations * Rapid



heartbeat (palpitations)



Slow heartbeat (bradycardia)



* Pain and soreness in the chest position



* Shortness of breath



* Vertigo



* Dizziness



* Fainting (loss of consciousness), or grogginess and imbalance.



Symptoms of heart disease caused by heart defects



The serious heart defect you were born with (congenital heart defect) is usually noticed soon after birth. Symptoms of heart problems in children may include:



* The skin turns gray or blue (cyanosis)



* Swelling in the legs, abdomen, or areas around the eyes



* For infants, shortness of breath during feedings resulting in an abnormal weight of the baby



is usually not diagnosed Congenital heart defects are less serious until later in childhood or in adulthood. Symptoms of congenital heart defects that do not cause immediate death are:



* Shortness of breath during exercise or activity



* Tired easily during exercise or activities

* Swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet

Symptoms of heart problems due to cardiomyopathy

No symptoms appear in the early stages of the disease. As the disease progresses, the following symptoms appear:

* Shortness of breath during activity or rest

* Swelling of the legs, ankles, and feet



* Fatigue



* Irregular heartbeat, which gives the feeling of a fast heartbeat, palpitations or tremors



* Feeling lightheaded, dizzy and faint

Symptoms of heart problems due to heart valve disease

The heart has four valves — the aortic , mitral, pulmonary, and tricuspid valves — which open and close to direct blood in and out of the heart. Valves can be damaged for several reasons; This can cause them to narrow or leak (regurgitation or under-flow) or not close properly (prolapse).

Depending on which valve isn't working properly, symptoms of valvular heart disease often include:



* Fatigue



* Shortness of breath



* Irregular heartbeat



* Swelling of the feet or ankles


* Chest pain


* Loss of consciousness (fainting)


* Chest pain



* Shortness of breath



* fainting

Heart disease is easier to treat if caught early, so talk to your doctor about your concerns about your heart health. If you're concerned about heart disease, talk to your doctor about steps you can take to reduce your risk of heart disease. This is very important if you have a family history of heart disease.

If you think you might have heart disease because you're developing new signs and symptoms, make an appointment to see your doctor.

Heart disease causes

The cause of heart disease depends on the type of heart disease you have. There are many different types of heart disease. To understand the causes of heart disease, it is helpful to understand how the heart itself works.


How does the heart work?



Left and right atrium, left and right ventricle

Your heart is like a running pump. It is a fist-sized muscular organ located on the left side of the middle of the chest. The heart is divided into the right and left sides.



The right side of the heart also contains the right atrium and right ventricle. It collects blood and pumps it to the lungs via the pulmonary artery.

The lungs supply the blood with a new amount of oxygen. Exhaled from the lungs carries carbon dioxide, an element that exceeds what the body needs.


The oxygenated blood then enters the left side of the heart, which consists of the left atrium and left ventricle.



The left side of the heart pumps blood through the largest artery in the body (the aorta), providing oxygen and nutrients to tissues throughout the body.


heart valves



There are four valves inside the heart that simply open a path when you need it, allowing blood to flow in the right direction. For valves to function properly, they must be free from birth defects and be able to open and close tightly so as not to leak. The four valves are:



* Tricuspid valve



* Mitral valve



* Pulmonary valve



* Aortic valve



 Heartbeat


The beating heart contracts and relaxes continuously.



During systole, the ventricles contract to push blood through the blood vessels to the lungs and body.



During diastole, the ventricle fills with blood from the two upper chambers (the right atrium and the left atrium).


electrical system


The heart's electrical conduction keeps the heartbeat going. The heartbeat controls the continuous exchange of oxygen-rich blood with oxygen-poor blood. This exchange keeps you alive.


The electrical signal begins high in the upper right chamber (right atrium) and travels through a dedicated pathway to the ventricle, where it sends a pumping signal to the heart.



This system keeps your heart in a coordinated and normal rhythm and keeps blood flowing.

Causes of coronary artery disease



Atherosclerosis


Atherosclerosis opens a pop-up dialog



The most common cause of coronary artery disease is the buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries (atherosclerosis). Unhealthy lifestyle habits such as poor diet, lack of exercise, being overweight and smoking can contribute to atherosclerosis.


Heart arrhythmia



Common causes of arrhythmias or conditions that can cause arrhythmias include:



* coronary artery disease



* diabetes



* drug abuse


* excessive alcohol or caffeine intake


Certain heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects)


* High blood pressure


Smoking


some over-the-counter and prescription drugs, nutritional supplements, and herbal remedies


Stress


Valvular heart disease


A healthy person with a normal heart and good health is unlikely to develop a fatal heart rhythm disorder without an external trigger, such as Electric shock or drug abuse. However, if the heart is diseased or misshapen, electrical signals may not start or pass through the heart properly, increasing the risk of developing an arrhythmia.

Causes of congenital heart defects

Congenital heart defects usually occur in the womb of the baby. About a month into pregnancy, a heart defect can develop as the heart grows, changing blood flow to the heart. Certain medical conditions, medications, and genes may play a role in the development of heart defects.



Heart defects can also develop in adults. As you age, the structure of your heart changes, which can lead to heart defects.



Causes of cardiomyopathy


The cause of cardiomyopathy, whether it is enlarged or dilated, may depend on the type:

dilation of the heart muscle; The cause of this most common type of cardiomyopathy is often unknown. This condition usually causes left ventricular dilatation. Dilated cardiomyopathy can be caused by reduced blood flow to the heart (ischemic heart disease) caused by a heart attack, infection or damage following a heart attack. Taking certain toxins or medications, including those used to treat cancer. It can also be passed from a parent to a child.


hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; This type is usually passed down (inherited) between family members. It can also develop over time due to high blood pressure or age.


Restrictive cardiomyopathy. You may have this uncommon form of cardiomyopathy for unknown reasons, which makes your heart muscle stiff and less flexible. Or it can be caused by conditions such as connective tissue disease or abnormal protein buildup (amyloidosis).



Causes of heart inflammation



Heart infections such as endocarditis occur when bacteria reach the heart muscle. Common causes of heart disease are:



Bacteria



Viruses



Parasites



Causes of Valvular Heart Disease



There are many things that can cause heart valve disease. You may be born with valve disease, or the valve may be damaged by:




* Rheumatic fever



* Infection (infectious endocarditis)



* Connective tissue disorders



* Omega-6 fatty acids



Prevention of heart disease



Protection against certain problems Heart disease is not possible, such as heart defects. But the same lifestyle changes that can improve heart disease may help prevent it, including:



* Refrain from smoking.



* Control of other health problems such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.


*Exercise at least 30 minutes a day most days of the week.

* Follow a diet low in salt and saturated fat.


* Maintain a healthy weight.

* Reducing and controlling stress.



* Practice good health habits.

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