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Gingivitis: causes, symptoms and treatment methods

 Gingivitis is an infection of the gums that can lead to tooth loss. Bacteria begin to accumulate in the mouth. If left untreated, it can damage the teeth and lead to more serious problems, such as gum disease.



Gingivitis

Causes of gingivitis

There are many possible causes of gingivitis, including:

Hormonal changes

occur during different stages of your life. For example, during pregnancy, puberty, menopause, or your period, these changes can increase the sensitivity of your teeth and lead to gum infections.

Taking medications

that affect the oral cavity. Some of these medicines reduce the production of saliva, which can form an abnormal layer on the gum tissue. Saliva has many benefits on your gums and teeth, so when taking these types of medications, it is important to realize that they may have a negative impact on your oral health.

Bad Habits

There are some bad habits that can lead to gingivitis.

1. Smoking damages the gums' ability to regenerate or heal on their own.

2. Neglecting brushing and using dental floss can also lead to gingivitis.

3. Having a family history of inflammatory gum disease may contribute to an individual's disease on a genetic basis.

Various diseases

There are other diseases that can affect the condition and integrity of the gums, among them:

Cancer.

Which destroys the cells of the body.

AIDS

affects the body's immune system.

Diabetes

, which affects the body's ability to absorb sugars in different foods, makes people with diabetes more likely than others to develop dental infections, including gingivitis.

Symptoms and Signs of Gingivitis 

Many people experience mild symptoms of gum disease without even realizing it. Gingivitis begins without any specific signs or symptoms, but as the condition worsens, it may cause more serious problems. Symptoms of gingivitis can include:

* Bleeding gums when brushing your teeth.

* Redness and swelling of the gums and severe sensitivity.

* A foul odor or a sour taste is constantly coming out of your mouth.

* Deep gaps between your gums and the surface of your teeth.

* Tooth loss or loosening of the teeth.

Even if you don't notice any of these signs, there may be some degree of inflammation in the gum tissue, and gingivitis may affect part of your teeth. A dentist or specialist can determine this level of inflammation and determine the severity of gingivitis.

Complications of periodontitis 

Gingivitis can lead to a number of complications, including the following:

Dental gingivitis medicine

1. Periodontal abscesses.

2. Increased damage to the periodontal ligament that connects the tooth to the socket.

3. Increased damage and loss of the alveolar bone that houses the teeth within the jawbone.

4. Receding gums.

5. Silver teeth.

6. Loss of teeth.

How to diagnose gingivitis To

diagnose periodontitis, your dentist will check the following symptoms during a regular visit:

* Bleeding from the gums.

* the presence of bulges in the spaces between the teeth and gums, as well as in deep pockets;

* Tooth movement

* Sensitivity to contact with the teeth. 

Examination of the jaw bone to detect bone loss or weakness.

Methods for treating gingivitis

There are different types of periodontal treatments, all of which aim to stimulate and facilitate healthy gum tissue re-adhesion to tooth surfaces. This treatment can reduce swelling and the depth of pockets, helping to treat the gums and reduce the risk of developing gingivitis or stop an exacerbation of existing gingivitis. Alternatives to periodontal treatment vary depending on the stage of the disease and how the patient's body has responded to previous treatments for gingivitis. Some treatments require surgical procedures, while others rely on non-surgical methods. In general, it is important to seek medical advice if you have problems with your gums. There is a very high chance that the gums will be completely cured of infection with the correct treatment. Proper treatment includes professional cleaning every six months along with following oral hygiene instructions and daily brushing.

Ways to Prevent Gingivitis

To prevent gingivitis, it is important to do the following: 

* Brush your teeth.

* Use dental floss regularly. Dental floss helps remove food particles and germs from between your teeth and under the gum line. * Using mouthwash reduces the number of bacteria in your mouth, which helps prevent gingivitis.

* Following healthy habits can help reduce the risk or severity of gingivitis. Among these habits:

1. Stop smoking.

2. Not to be subjected to psychological pressure.

3. Maintain a balanced diet.

4. Refrain from pulling your teeth hard.

According to the American Academy of Periodontology, 30% of people who maintain good oral hygiene and lead a healthy lifestyle are at increased risk of developing gum infections due to genetic causes. People who are prone to developing gingivitis for genetic reasons are six times more likely to develop gingivitis than others. If a family member has a history of gum disease, other family members are also more likely to have it.

If a person has a high susceptibility to gum disease, the attending physician will likely advise them to have dental checkups more frequently than usual, at frequent intervals, and to brush their teeth with professional care on a regular basis.


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