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Definition of hormones and their types _ Hormones analyzes _ Hormons

Definition of hormones and their types _ Hormones analyzes _ Hormons

Definition of hormones and their types _ Hormones analyzes _ Hormons


Hormones are chemicals that coordinate the activities of living organisms as well as their growth, and hormones by special tissues in the gym through the endocrine system. Hormones , according to the "jagranjosh" website, have different effects on the shape of the body, and the performance of vital functions in it, such as body growth, metabolism, sexual function, reproduction and others. , which is transmitted by the circulatory system to target distant organs, and to regulate organ function and behavior.


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Hormones have diverse chemical structures, and consist mainly of three classes: eicosanoids, steroids, and amino acid/protein derivatives (amines, peptides, and proteins).

Types of glands: 


 Thyroid hormones

One of the types of hormones in this gland is

1- Free T4 (Free Thyroxin).

2- T3 (Tri iodo thyroxin) 

3- T4 (Thyroxin)

If the previous hormones are increased, it means that the thyroid gland is overactive 

And if you say, it means that the thyroid gland is inactive. 


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Parathyroid hormones 

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) 

It rises in cases of thyroid activity ... and increases its secretion in cases of calcium deficiency in the blood 

And its secretion decreases in cases of excess calcium and magnesium deficiency in the blood. 



Adrenal hormones, or as they are known as the renal cortex 


1- Catecholamine 

Its secretion increases in cases of psychological stress 


2- Vanilllylmandelic Acid (VMA)

 Indicates the efficiency of the work of the adrenal gland, and this hormone is measured in urine 


3- Cortisol

 The famous cortisone.. increases in cases of stress and obesity 



reproductive hormones 

1- Testosterone

male hormone 


2- Oestradiol (E2)

This hormone is useful in cases of delayed puberty and fertility problems 


3 - Progesterone   

Secreted from the ovary, it can increase in cases of uterine and ovarian tumors and ectopic pregnancy 


4 - Luteinizing Hormone (LH) 

This hormone stimulates the secretion of progesterone and estrogen 

5 - Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

Useful for sperm growth ... and ovarian integrity 


6 - Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (BHCG)

Digital pregnancy test to determine the number of the week in pregnancy 



pituitary gland hormones 

1 - Growth Hormone (GH)

A hormone secreted by the pituitary gland at the bottom of the brain and responsible for the growth of the body 


2 - Prolactin (PRL)

the milk hormone 

3 - Ant diuretic Hormone (ADH)

Increases the absorption of water from the kidneys, thus reducing the amount of urine 



pancreatic hormones 

1- Insulin: which burns glucose and stores energy in the form of glycogen in the liver 

2 - Glucagons: breaks down glycogen and releases glucose into the blood and increases in cases of stress. 


 kidney hormones 


Renin: increases sodium reabsorption in the kidneys, and when sodium increases, blood pressure increases 

Erythropoietin: controls the production of red blood cells and increases in cases of anemia, pregnancy and kidney failure 




Causes of hormonal imbalance 

Could

There are several health reasons that cause hormonal imbalance in the body, including:


Chronic or severe stress. 


Having type 1 and 2 diabetes.


Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.

Malnutrition and weight gain.


Taking hormonal medications or birth control medications.


pituitary adenomas;


High levels of cortisol in the blood, or Cushing's syndrome.


Addison's disease associated with low levels of cortisol and aldosterone.


Chemotherapy and radiotherapy.



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